24-Month OPT STEM Extension
Students that graduate from UMBC with a degree in Science, Technology, Engineering or Math (STEM) can be eligible to apply for an additional 24 months of OPT work authorization through the STEM Extension.
Click the relevant link below for more information:
Applying for the STEM OPT Extension
Qualifications: To qualify for the STEM Extension, students must:
- be working for an E-Verified employer (check to see if your employer is E-verified here, or ask your employer directly) who is willing to complete the I-983 Training Plan with you. The employer must be paying you, though the work can be part-time (at least 20 hours per week).
- have a major on their I-20 that is eligible for the STEM Extension (check with the IES office if you aren’t sure if your major is applicable). Students that have PREVIOUSLY completed a STEM-eligible degree in the US can also apply for STEM OPT, even if the most recently completed degree in not STEM-eligible.
- have either graduated with a STEM degree OR have completed all coursework, but not the thesis, for their degree.
- Please see the notes below, under “After STEM OPT is approved,” for concerns about employer arrangements where your supervisor is not on site with you.
Please note, the STEM Extension is available twice in your time in the US – you can apply for one STEM Extension after a regular OPT year, up to two times. Please note you cannot use both STEM Extensions after one OPT year.
Deadlines to Apply:
- Your application can be received by USCIS NO EARLIER THAN 90 days before your OPT end date, or it will be denied.
- Your application must be received by USCIS NO LATER THAN your current OPT end date, or it will be denied.
- Your I-20 must not be more than 60 days old from the time IES added your STEM OPT recommendation, or it will be denied.
STEM Extension Application Documents and New I-20
The application process is extremely similar to the first year of OPT. Use this checklist to prepare your STEM OPT application:
- Check/money order for $410 only made out to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. (Do not abbreviate)
- 2 passport size photographs, with your name written on the back of each photo (these must be new and cannot be re-used from previous applications)
- Form G-1145, for email and/or text message updates on your application
- Form I-765, typed, printed and signed. Please review our suggested guidelines on how to complete this form.
- Copy of new I-20 issued by international adviser for STEM OPT (read details below on requesting this I-20, and make sure to sign the new I-20 you receive from IES before adding it to your application package!)**
- Copy of your most recent I-94 (front and back if you have the card version)
- Previous OPT or EAD cards that have been issued to you under F-1 status (copy of front and back)
- Official transcript or copy of diploma showing acquired STEM degree*
*For students that have completed required coursework but not your thesis: Please note, you must have completed all required coursework for your degree program to apply for the STEM Extension, but you do not have to have completed your thesis (citation). If you have not yet completed your degree, you will likely be asked to prove that you have completed all coursework. We recommend that you request a letter from your academic adviser or from the Graduate School indicating that your coursework is complete and that only your thesis remains to complete your degree. While this is not listed on the application requirements, including this letter in advance will help make sure your application is not delayed by an RFE (Request for Further Evidence) asking for this proof.
**The IES office will need to create a new I-20 for your STEM Extension application, and will need to receive and review the following documents before issuing the new I-20. This process can be done remotely as many students are not in Baltimore when applying for the STEM Extension. Be sure to sign your new I-20 once you receive it, before you place the application package in the mail! Please forward these documents to firstname.lastname@example.org when you are ready to apply:
- I-983 Training Plan completed and signed by your supervisor – please be sure to review the instructions on completing the form from this link.
- The first page of the I-983 can be completed with information from the first page of your I-20.
- Page 5 is an evaluation that is due after one year of STEM OPT, and an evaluation due after 2 years of STEM OPT. This is also required when you leave a job during STEM OPT. These should not be completed when you submit your I-983 to apply for STEM OPT.
- Your completed I-765 – Please review our suggested guidelines on how to complete this form, as it has changed!
Please remember that the I-20 cannot be more than 60 days old when received by USCIS with your application, so please do not request the new I-20 until you are ready to apply. Your application will be denied if your I-20 is too old when received!
After reviewing these documents, we’ll prepare a new I-20 for you and mail it to you. You are also welcome to request a scanned copy in addition to the mailed copy to expedite your application. PLEASE ALLOW UP TO 1 WEEK FOR THE I-20 TO BE PREPARED, and do not send your documents multiple times, as this slows down the review process.
USCIS Mailing address:
You will need to mail the STEM OPT application to the appropriate USCIS LockBox facility based on where you live. You can find the correct address based on your current home state here.
After STEM OPT is approved
STEM Extension Rules and Regulations
Please note these few additional rules concerning the STEM Extension in addition to the regular OPT regulations:
Update the IES Office or your SEVP Portal with a change in address, contact information, loss of employer, or new employer within 10 days of these changes
Students are required to submit the self-evaluation from the I-983 training plan at the following times:
- By the end of the first year of STEM OPT
- By the end of the second year of STEM OPT
- Upon leaving a job during STEM OPT
This requirement is taken very seriously by USCIS, so please schedule reminders on your calendar and be sure to complete this obligation! We do not have a way to remind you of when this is due, so please take full responsibility for this legal requirement.
Our office is required to contact you every 6 months during STEM OPT to confirm your employer and home address. Please be sure to reply to these emails when you receive them from IES staff. Please note, we will not be able to complete the 12 month check-in until we also receive your 12 month I-983 evaluation.
Change of Employer during STEM OPT:
Should you choose to change positions while on STEM OPT, please remember that you will need:
- A new I-983 Training Plan
- Confirmation that the new company is E-Verified
- Please note that you will NOT be able to use the SEVP Portal to update your employer while on STEM OPT, as we must receive the I-983 Training Plan and do this update for you. More specific directions on how to update your employer are further down on this page.
STEM OPT gives you 60 days of unemployment time, plus any remaining unemployment time from your first OPT year’s 90 days of unemployment.
You can continue to use the SEVP Portal to keep your address, phone number and email address up to date.
Work after OPT expires, before STEM OPT is approved:
After the first year of OPT expires, a student with a pending STEM Extension application can continue working in the US while waiting for the extension to be approved, up to 180 days (citation, under “Applying for a STEM OPT Extension”).
Role of the SEVP Portal:
During STEM OPT, you will still have access to your SEVP Portal. You can use the Portal to update your address or contact information, and verify that your employer information is correct. Because of the requirement for an I-983 Training Plan to be verified by IES, you will NOT be able to update your employer information on your own.
International Travel during STEM OPT:
Students on the STEM Extension can travel abroad during the Extension following the same rules as travel under OPT.
- Please avoid travelling internationally if you have an H-1b application submitted for you until it is approved AND active, typically on Oct 1 of the year it’s applied for.
- The 24 month STEM OPT rules also clarify that you can travel abroad and return to the US with a pending STEM OPT application, but you need to have your OPT EAD card and STEM OPT I-20 with you
Changing employers during the STEM Extension
You are welcome to change employers during your STEM Extension. The new employer MUST be E-Verified, and must be willing to complete the I-983 Training Plan with you. When you are ready to change your employer, please send IES the completed and signed I-983 Training plan via email, and include the new employer E-Verify ID in your email. We will update your immigration record, which you can verify in your SEVP Portal.
If you require a new I-20, please let us know when you send your I-983 and provide the best mailing address where we can send it to you.
Please note you will NOT be able to update your employer information in your SEVP Portal, because an I-983 Training Plan is required.
Lastly, please note that an I-983 Training Plan evaluation (page 5) is due whenever you leave an employer!
Working for a staffing company or contractor during STEM OPT
Many graduates will work for either staffing companies or contractors during OPT, and wonder if they can continue to do so during STEM OPT. The concern is that the student must have a “bonafide employer-employee relationship” with the company that technically hires them, and pays their paychecks.
While this can be difficult to quantify, we suggest that if your supervisor from the company that technically hires you is involved enough in your work to complete the I-983 Training Plan with you, this constitutes a bonafide employer-employee relationship. If the company you work for is too removed from your day to day work to complete the training plan, we do not suggest trying to work for this employer under STEM OPT.
When reporting your staffing/contractor employer during STEM OPT, our employer update form allows you to enter the company name and address of BOTH the hiring company, and the company where you physically go to work.
Update (Spring 2018): USCIS has changed the language on its website to read that someone working on the STEM OPT Extension must be working on site with their supervisor. While change in website language does not constitute a change in regulations that actually govern STEM OPT, USCIS does decide these applications. While the ramifications of this change are being weighed by lawyers and others in this field, we urge yo to avoid working off-site from your supervisor if at all possible. If you do not have this option, the best advice we can give is to carefully document your legitimate employer-employee relationship with your supervisor, and complete page 3 of the I-983 Training Plan very thoroughly to show this relationship.
Please see the language from USCIS on their STEM OPT website, under “The Employer’s Training Obligation,” in the fourth paragraph.
Update (August 2018): USCIS issued a statement and updated its website to clarify this. The statement says:
So, in brief summary, STEM OPT does allow working in a separate location from your employer, BUT your employer (the entity paying your paychecks) has to be supervising you, such that they can complete the I-983 Training Plan with you thoroughly and accurately. This DOES allow for contractual work (where your employer places you with a different company they have a contract with, but the actual employer still oversees your work remotely), but does NOT allow for staffing agency work (where the employer paying you has no involvement at all in your actual work).
STEM Extension application versus H-1b application
Many students will have an employer file for their H-1b status while they are in their first year of OPT. If you have a pending H-1b application as your OPT gets close to expiring, it will be up to you if you want to apply for the STEM Extension. Many students choose to do this in case their H-1b application is not selected for review, or in case it is denied. If your OPT end date passes and you are later denied or not selected for H-1b, you will NOT be able to submit an OPT application after your OPT end date.
You can have both applications pending at once, and this will not impact your H-1b application. If your H-1b is approved, when it takes effect your STEM Extension will automatically be cancelled out.
You can learn more about the H-1b process here.